Monday, March 16, 2020

Laparoscopic Treatment of Ectopic Pregnancy

The fertilization of sperm and egg occurs in the fallopian tube and the embryo is implanted in the spongy endometrial lining in the uterus in a conventional pregnancy. This lining is where all the nutrients necessary for the egg are provided and helps in the development of the embryo. When this implantation happens just outside like in the fallopian tubes, abdominal space, ovary, or even the cervix, the egg does not mature and the embryo will not survive. This is called ectopic pregnancy.  This is also called tubal pregnancy because most of the implantation occur in the fallopian tubes. An ectopic pregnancy is dangerous as it could prove fatal for the mother and the only option is to terminate the pregnancy.

If the termination cannot be managed effectively with medications, laparoscopic surgery is performed. It is a key-hole surgery performed under general anaesthetic where a small telescope like instrument is passed through the belly button to inspect your pelvis and ectopic pregnancy once identified is removed. This surgery is of 2 types:
  • Salpingostomy: Here a small cut is made in the fallopian tube and is used to remove the ectopic growth. The cut is then left to heal on its own or is stitched back.
  • Salpingectomy: If ectopic pregnancy has ruptured and damaged the fallopian tube, the part of the fallopian tube where the ectopic growth is seen is removed, and the remaining length of the tube is reattached. 

The incisions made are minute and the scars will barely be visible after a few months. Post surgery, care should be taken to avoid standing for long periods, lifting heavy objects, doing heavy housework and walking long distances.

Blog Reviewed By: Dr. Radhika Meka
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Wednesday, January 15, 2020

All about Azoospermia And treatment options

Parenthood is a major transition in a person's life. The nonfulfillment of this wish due to infertility can put them in tremendous emotional turmoil. Both males and females have an equal role in infertility. 

There are multiple reasons for infertility in men. One of the reasons is Azoospermia or an absence of sperm in the ejaculate. It is estimated that azoospermia is the reason for infertility among 1 in 15% of infertile men. 


What is Azoospermia? 

Azoospermia is a condition of a man whose semen contains no sperm due to a block in the reproductive tract, known as Obstructive azoospermia or inadequate sperm production, known as Non-obstructive azoospermia. This is considered as one of the primary reasons for infertility. Azoospermia is classified into two categories - obstructive and nonobstructive azoospermia. 
  • Obstructive azoospermia is a condition when the sperm is produced but is blocked from reaching the ejaculate due to an obstruction in the reproductive tract. 
            Causes: vasectomy, infections, congenital conditions and surgical complications
  • Non-obstructive azoospermia is a condition caused by low sperm production. 
Causes: Genetic Causes, Varicocele, Hypospermatogenesis, Maturation Arrest, Sertoli-Cell Only Syndrome (SCO) or Germ Cell Aplasia (GCA), Medical Treatments, Prescription Drugs Past infections, Hormonal causes, Undescended testicles, and Injury or twisting of the testicles

Treatments for azoospermia

Obstructive azoospermia: Treatment for OA mainly focuses on eliminating the obstructions that block the sperm reaching ejaculate. Microsurgical or endoscopic reconstruction is used to repair most of these obstructions and restores the normal flow of sperm into the ejaculate.

Non-obstructive Azoospermia

The following are the most common treatment options for NOA.

Hormone treatment

Hormone therapies can help coaxing sperm back to their semen or to find sperm during extraction. 
These hormones include: 
  • Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
  • Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
  • Clomiphene
  • Anastrozole
  • Letrozole


Having varicocele in the scrotum can also impede sperm production. Varicocelectomy is a procedure used to identify and tie off the enlarged and offending veins causing varicocele. 

Sperm retrieving procedures:
  • Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration (PESA).
  • Testicular Sperm Aspiration (TESA).
  • Microsurgical Epididymal Sperm Aspiration (MESA).
  • FNA mapping
  • Microdissection testicular sperm retrieval

Men with azoospermia should realize that countless couples achieved their wish of having a family through the right treatment methods and infertility medications. 

Blog Reviewed By: Dr. Radhika Meka
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Friday, November 8, 2019

How Parampara Becomes The Right Choice For Your Infertility Treatments

If you are in search of a fertility centre that not only makes your dream of parenthood come true but also will be part of your entire pregnancy journey until childbirth, then undoubtedly your one-stop destination should be Parampara fertility & gynaec centre.


The unique features that make Parampara the most preferred and trusted fertility centre among its patients and distinguish from its counterparts are


The specialists at Parampara have over 20 years of experience in treating different types of infertility cases. They are highly skilled and certified specialists with a compassionate side who are willing to spend quality time with every individual patient answering and listening to all their concerns. They possess in-depth knowledge and experience in all the methods of IVF and embryology treatments with a higher success rate. They treat every case to be highly sensitive and maintain a high level of confidentiality regarding the information shared by the patient.


All the staff at the hospital understand the fact that the journey you embarked requires multiple visits to the hospital. So they try to make your stressful journey into a pleasant one by guiding you with a friendly smile and follow a courteous approach in every step of the treatment. They are available round the clock to answer all your related queries concerning the treatment and to handle any emergencies. Apart from professional support, they even offer emotional support to the patients during the treatment process.


Even though we treat patients of similar conditions daily, We try to address each individual's problem as a new one by walking along with them the same path to know them in person. The familiarity and consistency of the care provided help us to design individualized treatment plans. Patient's comfort and privacy are the topmost priority.


The centre is equipped with the latest types of equipment to offer advanced fertility treatment options and techniques. The lab is designed as per the international standards with advanced incubators and latest monitoring equipment to handle and safely store the sensitive embryos.


All the treatments offered at Parampara comply with the ICMR guidelines following the highest ethical standards. The treatment plan chosen by the doctor will be best suited to each patient that is decided only after running the required tests. The patient will be briefed regarding their treatment plan and cost before the start of the treatment. Appropriate counselling is provided to every patient.


Parampara offers not only fertility treatments but also is a pioneer in pregnancy care where both high risk and low-risk cases are taken care of by their expert obstetrics. They also offer antenatal care and exclusive women packages for the wellness of mother and child. All the gynaecological related laparoscopic procedures are performed at the hospital.


Despite offering world-class fertility facilities, Parampara is well known among its patients for its affordable cost. Over the years, the centre has helped hundreds of couples to overcome their infertility challenge.

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Blog Reviewed By: Dr. Radhika Meka
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